BMe Research Grant
H-1111 Budapest, Műegyetem rkp.3. K.Bldg.
Contemporary architecture places a particular emphasis upon the renovation of existing monuments, including the problematic issues surrounding revitalization in relation to existing listed buildings / memorials. Limitations are placed upon physical changes to such buildings that allow for the constant change in life style and new situations as they continually develop.
The current state preserves traces of multiple construction periods that still remained hard to identify even though the excavations led by Dr. Alan Kralovánszky in 1980 and later followed by G. Judith Lászay's excavation of the wall and artefacts between 1997-2006 attempted to clarify this. The installation being a typically enclosed castle with massive spatial walls form a coherent artistic facade. The corner-like projection of the Dubniczay House from the medieval castle's defences and internal walls of the track logs a gatehouse guarding a three-dimensional structure. it forms a characteristic junction of the street style part of the Castle Street and the waisted bottom part in front of the Bishop's Palace Square.
A 16th century survey of the Castle of Veszprém describes a castle wall there separating the inner and outer castles. The archaeological research conducted at the plot of Dubniczay House confirmed the authenticity of contemporary depictions, the site of a multi-period fortress has been discovered, including a thick outer castle wall that belonged to the roundel from approx. 1500, as well. The external and internal boundary castle walls, fortified gatehouse, etc. were mostly discovered when ditching for public utilities. This baroque palace was built upon the existing foundation walls to the castle, which to some extent determined its design.
The defensive walls at the inner castle gate still stood in the middle of the eighteenth century but were purchased and demolished at the instruction of Canon Dubniczay to give way for the single storey asymmetrical U- shaped building to the south of the gate house built upon a complex of arched cellars.
The segmental archway to the carriage house creates an entrance to the staircase from which brick stairs lead directly to the central axis of the upper chamber. This staircase was subsequently rebuilt twice. On the ground floor, to the left of the gateway, three arched rooms and a narrow room can be found over the stairway to the cellar. Entrances to these areas have changed with various periods. For example: The wing at the end of a narrow room and the next two rooms initially allowed access through the party wall to the next building to access the barn which was raised a few years later, and the last room opened to the yard. There is a stairway on the other side of the doorway, next to it there is a small room at the street side and further behind them are two larger rooms, one of them is a larger room and a smaller one hosting a new toilet.
Since single tract premises were difficult to use in the second half of the 18th century, large, open arches and a pierced corridor were built in the courtyard. The staircase was also converted, (the three flight staircase was an exact mirror of the the staircase found at the beginning of this century) – all these led to create an elegant floor plan. The west yard façade to the first floor and three large basket arches a narrow, high semicircular opening, while on the ground floor there are two great gates on both sides, without a parapet.
During the period following the turn of the 18–19th century, the first floor arches were built in to provide a ribbon of eight paned windows. The ground floor arches at this time remained open allowing for the completion of an enclosed courtyard.
Lately but still in the middle of the 18th century a tiered granary was erected on the south side of the plot. Opposite to this, a large kitchen and two arched open chimneyed servants' quarters were built. The remains of a roundel and its semi-pitched roof were used as a coach house.
To the west of the granary, the ground floor was renovated, as can be seen in the archive photos. The arched rooms of the main building seem to have been refurbished at one time including the addition of a porch built in a style usually encountered with in Switzerland.
Finally, during the mid 19th century, the royal bay was constructed from a convex curved facade design. At the same time, a classicistic, one-storied connecting element was built at the western border of the site, which by now have been completely ruined. A plan of this site from 1855 shows a mansard roof to the house, which remained until the 20th century, then it burned down and was replaced with simpler forms.
In a period, it was common to white wash all interior walls as it can be seen on the walls surrounding the main staircase. The first decorative paint was used during the time of Canon Dubniczay and his successor's seemed to have been following suit.
The last two rooms on the ground floor halls use a calming Italian Sala Terrena style. The corner room has a flower arbor painted on the wall, whereas in the next room – which opens to a separate entrance to the courtyards – a rocky landscape and hermit caves adorned on the walls. Importance of these painted surfaces are not merely lies in the high level of quality. Despite certain successful researches conducted in Hungary in the past decades, we are scarce of restorable quality in palaces and houses.
The majority of spaces have only been refurbished to preservation standards due to financial restrictions. The interior design of spaces for the presentation art is fully reconstructed. The frescoes are protected as works of art as is the reconstructed baroque floor boarding. Art work is displayed on free standing steel frames to prevent damage to the existing fabric of the building. The spaces paints, style, color scheme and stoves have been kept faithful to their age. Two of the rooms have been equipped with restored Viennese chandeliers, the other rooms have contemporary museum light fittings. The new upper floor to the north wing is a clean rooflit space in one mass built from white painted insulated brickwork, reinforced concrete pillars cast in situ support an inclined ceramic pot and beam roof. The statue plinths seem to be growing out of the oak floors. In the top floor roof of the main building, plaster board covers all the reconstructed baroque elements and the walls alike. The roof is sheathed in elements assembled to give the structure a crystalline impression.
2009 FIABCI XI. Property Development Award Competition – Dubniczay Palace2008 Peter Müller Memorial Award
2008 Szendrői Jenő Award
2007 Pro Architectura Prize
2007 Piranesi Award, praise
2007 ICOMOS Award
2006 Veszprém County Council Commemorative Gold Medal
- Tamás Karácsony, DLA: The Veszprém Dubniczay Palace Renovation, Construction Yearbook 2007, publication of the Association of Building, 2008, pp 54–59
- Péter Klobusovszki: A Dubniczay palota rekonstrukciója (Reconstruction of the Dubniczay House – in Hungarian), Veszprém, Hungary, Piranesi, No.26, vol. 15, Autumn 2008, pp 64–69
- Tamás Torma: A little brickwork, the restored palace and Dubniczay Téglamúzeum Veszprém, Népszabadság, in the 07.09.2007. issue
- Krisztina Somogyi: Down, Up, Bent - Order, and László Károly Téglamúzeum Collection, Veszprém, Ground, 2007 / 4, pp 48–51
- Ildikó Jeszeniczky: The fresco-in Veszprém Dubniczay House Restoration, Monument 2007 / 2, pp 94–106, pp 112–116
- Katalin Nemeth: The House of Veszprém Dubniczay restoring, Monument 2007 / 2, pp 94–106, pp 107–111
- Judith G. Lászay: The Veszprém Dubniczay House (Castle U.29 historical research and its impact on the building will be reborn), Monument 2007 / 2, pp 94–106
- Mariann Simon: Real-time Hungarian Architects, 20007 / 1, pp 4–10
- Mihály Varga Collections Symphony in Veszprém, AND 2006 XII. 8, pp 30th (http://epiteszforum.hu/?q=node/4057)
- Weight Nicholas (eds): Central 60 – Architecture – Education, Technical University of Budapest Faculty of Architecture Department of Középülettervezési, 1946–2006, Department of BME Középülettervezési, 2006 exhibition catalog and DVD Annex
- The Dubniczay Palace Architects (http://epiteszforum.hu/?q=node/3036)
- Opening of the renovated Palace Dubniczay, Architects (http://epiteszforum.hu/?q=node/2982)
Karácsony Tamás DLA